In 2015, Thailand enacted the Gender Equality Act. Implementation remains problematic with broad exceptions allowing non-compliance including for religious principles or national security.
The Global Wage Report 2018/19 by the ILO indicates that Thai women earn 8-11% (median-mean) less than men per hour, taking into consideration factors of education, age, working-time status (part-time or full-time) and type of employer (private-sector vs. public-sector employment). Looking at monthly earnings, the factor-weighted gender pay gap is the same with women receiving 8-12% (median-mean) less pay than men. Although there is a gap, it is not as high compared to other countries and lower than the world average wage gap of 18-19% (per hour) and 21-22% (per month) (ILO, 2019).